Humayun's Tom

Humayun's Tomb, New Delhi

Humayun’s Tomb is tomb of Mughal Emperor Humayun in Delhi, India and it was commissioned by humayun’s first wife Empress Bega Begum and was designed by mirak Mirza Ghiyas and his son Sayyiad Muhammad. The tomb has been declared a Unesco World Heritage site and is located in the Nizammudin, East Delhi. The main tomb enclosure in the Humayun Tomb has several smaller monuments which dot the pathways and the final tomb complex was completed by Afghan noble in Sher Shah Suri’s court of the Suri dynasty by the name of Isa Khan Niyazi.

The materials used in building this tomb is red sandstone and the construction got completed in 1572 AD along with the architectural style is Mughal and not the Persian which was one of the most prominent architectural style adapted at that time. The grandeur of this spectacular edifice which gets gradually diminished due to lack of maintenance but the English established the garden again in the form of English style architecture and now it is being managed by ASI. The main tomb took over with Char bagh enclosure which is a Persian style garden and is placed in the centre with also the Isa Khan’s mosque built across near the Humayun’s tomb also one of the major attractions.

The Mughals have contributed greatly to the art and architecture in Delhi. The tombstones built by them are masterpieces that deserve a visit. Humayun’s Tomb is one such monument that houses the grave of Emperor Humayun, his wife, Hamida Begum and the son of emperor Shah Jahan, Dara Shikoh. This is one of the first monuments to use red sandstone extensively in its construction.

Visitors to this monument are welcomed by sprawling gardens that have been maintained beautifully. These gardens, known as Char Bagh, are spread over 30 acres of land. The pathway that leads to the main tomb consists of many smaller monuments, out of which a few stood way before the construction of Humayun’s Tomb.

The tomb is located close to Nizamuddin East in Delhi close to the Purana Qila or the Dina Panah, a fort founded by Humayun in 1533. The mausoleum designed by Persian designer Mirak Mirza Ghiyat takes a lot of inspiration from the Taj Mahal and is strikingly similar. The tomb represents a new trend in Mughal architecture that was later used in many other monuments across the country.

The area has been recognized by the UNESCO as a world heritage site from 1993 and is definitely worth a visit. The best time to visit the monument is late in the afternoon when the sunlight washes the monument in a golden hue and brings out the richness of the red sandstone and the greenery around it.

Nearest other tourist attractions: Hazrat Nizamuddin Aulia Dargah, Purana Qila, National Zoological Park (Delhi Zoo), India Gate, National Science Centre etc.

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Weather Temperature:-

Months Temp. Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec
Average Low (℃) 7.6 10.1 15.3 21.6 25.9 27.8 26.8 26.3 24.7 19.6 13.2 8.5
Average High (℃) 21.0 23.5 29.2 36.0 39.2 38.8 34.7 33.6 34.2 33.0 28.3 22.9

Visit Information:-

UNESCO World Heritage Site: from 1993

Location: Nizamuddin Railway Station

Nearest Metro Station: Jawaharlal Stadium

Distance From:-

IGI and palam Airport: 17.0 KM

New Delhi RLY Station: 7.0 KM

Old Delhi RLY Station: 10.0 KM

Nizamuddin RLY Station: 2.0 KM

Anand Vihar RLY Station: 16.0 M